Taklamakan desert of death in China
Taklamakan – desert of death in China, bright natural landmark of China, which is one of the largest deserts in the world, and is located in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous region. Its dimensions are: length – 1000 km, width 500 km, and the total area of sand about 300 thousand sq km relative height in the range of 100-400 m, and the highest point – 1635 m above sea level. The locals desert called the “sea of death”, in which it is easy to get, but you cannot return.
The climate and nature of the Takla makan desert
Annually, the temperature does not drop below 35 degrees. From all sides the desert surrounded by mountains. Since ancient times, mountains were a natural fortress barriers and had great strategic importance. The mountains create a tranquil haven to protect people from severe sandy winds. Around the desert runs four rivers: the Tarim river, Ercan, Cherchen and Hotan. River penetratedeep into the desert at 150 miles, and sometimes it is 250 km, and the only Hotan river crosses the Taklamakan completely. Here, despite the hot climate, you can see several species of desert plants: poplar, camel thorn, annual Thistle, Haloxylon, but the fauna is rather poor. It: gerbils, lizards, snakes, antelopes.
Fascinating desert landscape. The first is endless undulating sea of Golden sand on the tops of the dunes, where the temperature reaches up to +80 degrees. Precipitation in this natural disaster falls very, very little, and that’s why the air is always a lot of dust. However, in 2008, there were just a miracle: the desert is covered with snow. Occasional deposits of metals and oil.
Even today in the desert of death ruins of ancient villages and rare historical monuments of the Great silk road. Chinese archaeologists during excavations revealed the remains of people who belong to the European race. According to the study, these people lived in the period of 2 thousand years BC that on the territory of the Taklamakan Europeans lived, confirmed by ancient Chinese Chronicles. On the territory of the desert there are few human settlements.
Taklamakan is well known around the world as fraught with many secrets yet to be revealed. For scientists it is still unknown how the ancient cities of the Tarim culture hid Golden Sands. It’s in the desert is the lowest point on land: 154 m below sea level.