New Zealand is an island country in the South-Western Pacific ocean, about 1930 km South-East of Australia.
The main territory of the country consists of two Islands that have corresponding names – the South Island and North Island. The North and South Islands are separated by cook Strait.
In addition, the composition comprises 61 and the other Islands, much smaller in their area. The total area of the country is 268 680 sq km (which includes the addition of the square main Islands in the same area of the Antipodes Islands, Auckland Islands, bounty Islands, Campbell Islands, Chatham Islands, and Kermadec Islands).
This makes it slightly smaller than Italy and Japan, and the UK. The length of the coastline of New Zealand is 15 134 kilometers.
South island is the largest island which is part of New Zealand. It is home to about one-fourth of the populationof the country. Along the island from the North to the South stretches the range of folded mountains Southern Alps, the highest peak of which is mount cook, or Aoraki, height 3754 metres. In addition to her in the South island there are 18 peaks over 3,000 meters.
The Eastern part of the island is more flat and almost entirely occupied agricultural farms. The West coast is much less populated tightly. There remained vast tracts of virtually unspoiled nature with pristine flora and fauna.
The Western part is also famous for numerous national parks, fjords and glaciers, slipping from the slopes of the Southern Alps right in the Tasman sea. North island is much less mountainous than the South. The highest point of the North island is an active volcano Ruapehu, height 2797 meters. North island is of high volcanic activity, of six volcanic areas in the country, five are located on it. In the heart of the North island, lake Taupo, the largest lake in New Zealand. It is the beginning of the Waikato river, the length of which is 425 kilometers, making it the longest river in New Zealand.