The lake thousands of Islands in China
The Qingdao lake – lake of a thousand Islands, located in the Chinese province of Zhejiang approximately 150 kilometers from the city Huangzhou. This artificial lake was formed after the construction of hydropower plants on the river Xinjiang in 1959. After construction of the dam formed a reservoir dotted with numerous Islands and islets, which gave the lake its name.
Recently here an influx of tourists that visit themed Islands: Bird island, snake island, Monkey island, and an island with a castle. But the most interesting on the Lake of a thousand Islands is under water.
The lake area is 573 square kilometers, and on the surface is 1078 Islands. To create this lake had to relocate residents from 1377 existed on this land of villages. The resulting man-made lake is the largest freshwater body of water in Eastern China, has a volumeof 17.8 km³.
On all the Islands and around the lake to grow a forest, so Qingdao is the largest forest Park in China. There are 60 species of wild animals and 90 species of birds. The water of the Lake of a thousand Islands is famous for its transparency, with the bird’s eye view here you can see the bottom even in the deepest of its locations. This amazing transparency was founded popular Chinese brand of mineral water, Nongfu Spring.
Since the lake was formed by flooding of a large area of land of land, it is not surprising that at the bottom of it are the ruins of two ancient Chinese cities, aged scholars count in 1800 years. This is the remains of the counties of Chungang and Sujan era Eastern Han dynasty. Perfectly preserved was found by divers remainders of the city of Sujani. Now the area of Qiandao lake is a favorite destination for divers and one of the most popular attractions in China.
Underwater environment contributes to a better preservation of cultural relics.For example, two wooden slats, pulled out of the water for research. Under the influence of the sun and air, they quickly dried up and unusable
Before flooded valley, at the base of the mountain Wu Shi (five mountain lions) it was possible to see two magnificent ancient cities — Shi Chan and Hae-Chang. The first city was built more than 1300 years ago, in the year 621 ad during the reign of the Tang dynasty and was the political, cultural and economic centre of the region. The city Hae Chang even more ancient, founded in 208 ad, during the Han dynasty. He was also an important economic center
Both cities were flooded in 1959 during the construction of a dam and reservoir for the needs of Hangzhou. Along with two ancient settlements were flooded also 27 cities, 1377 villages, nearly 50,000 acres of farmland and thousands of houses. For the project were relocated approximately 290,000 people. The government did not take any action to preserve the historical heritage
The ancient city lay forgotten for 40 years until 2001, when the Ministry of tourism decided to turn this place into a tourist attraction. There was a dedicated diving centre, whose task was to explore the underwater depths in search of ancient wonders. September 18, 2001, initial attempts have been made, which was immediately successful. At the first dive was able to find a wall of the old town, perfectly preserved, including ancient wooden stairs, remaining intact